## In this article, I am going to discuss** how to calculate Cement, Sand, and Aggregate quantity in concrete**. It is an easy task to calculate how much construction material is required for the construction of slabs or the quantity of Cement Bags, Aggregates and Sand required in slab construction.

Look at this example, Suppose we have to construct a slab with a length and width of

**30ft**each and with a**6-inch thickness**, that is 0.5 ft. For plain cement concrete works, the grade of concrete used is M15. i.e. Characteristic Compressive Strenth of 15N/mm^2.**The ratio of Cement, Sand and Aggregates used for the M15 grade of concrete is 1:2:4. That is one part of cement is mixed with two parts of sand and four parts of Aggregates.**

In order to calculate the material used in the slab we need to calculate first the total volume of a slab which is given above:

**Length: 30 ft. width: 30 ft. and thickness: 0.5 ft.**

__Total Volume of Slab (V)__V=__LxWxH__=__30x30x0.5__= 450 cft. So, finally, we will get a total volume of

**450 cubic feet**. It should be noted that this total volume is the wet volume of this slab. Now we need to convert this volume to Dry volume.The formula to convert From

**WV**(wet volume) to**DV**(Dry volume) is**DV=WV x 1.54.**So,

**DV will be Equal to 1.54 x 450 = 693 cft.**### How to calculate cement quantity in Concrete

To calculate the Volume of cement the formula used is :

**Volume OF Cement =**

__Ratio of cement__x DV**Total ratio**

while the ratio of cement is

**1**, the total ratio is**7**and the dry volume of the slab is**693 cubic ft.****Volume of cement 1/7 x 693 = 99 Cubic ft**. (The number of cement bags is equal to the Volume of cement divided by the volume of 1 bag.)

**the volume of 1 bag of cement contents 1.25 cubic ft.**another had 1 bag cement = 1.25 cft.

**The number of bags is required 99/1.25 = 79.2 which is almost 80 bags.**

### How to calculate the volume of Sand

to calculate the volume of sand the formula used is:

**The volume of sand =**

__Ratio of sand__x Dry Volume of slab**Total ratio**

Ratio of sand =

**2**, Total ratio =**7**and Dry volume of slab =**693**cft.**The volume of sand = 2/7 x 693 = 198 cft.**

**The required volume of sand is 198 cubic fee**t.

### How to calculate Aggregates

To calculate the volume of Aggregates the formula used is:

**The volume of Aggregates =**

__Ratio of Aggregates__x Dry Volume of slab**Total ratio**

Ratio of Aggregates =

**4**, total ratio =**7**and Dry volume of slab =**693**cft.**The volume of Aggregates = 4/7 x 693 = 396 cft**

**The required volume of aggregates is 396 cubic feet to construct a slab of 30x30x0.5 cft.**

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